After the financial crisis in 2008, when the country's economy recovered, a generation of young people developed a trend of liking loneliness. They like to eat alone, drink alone, travel and watch movies alone. In Vogue magazine, Monica Kinh wrote that they prefer to spend more time on themselves and let go of the pressure of starting a family and making money. This makes them feel stressed and indifferent to how others view them.

1. Generation:

This generation honors individual lifestyles, confronts traditional standards, and expresses resistance through a solitary lifestyle. Korean youth find many ways to forget about boredom, with "chivabi" (spending without saving for tomorrow) and "shiba beaut" (overcoming adversity and exceeding limits) being typical examples. These terms appeared at the end of 2016, describing the stress and despair of Korean youth under the pressures of life.

The circumstances before the revolution are clearer through the spread on social media of the phrase "hello" - meaning hell. This phrase reflects class distinction in the Young era, with the ruling class enjoying full privileges, while the lower class suffers exploitation and loss of voice. Korean youth from the lower class are born into low-income families, with no opportunity for social advancement, and they use this phrase to mock the wealthy, who have enjoyed privileges since childhood.

The debate over this term has become public, posing challenges about the current difficulties that society is facing. Even Korean politicians often use the term "hello" in parliamentary hearings, and it was more popular in the 2016 Election Campaign and Green House than in Japan.

The youth unemployment rate in Korea reached a record high in February 2016, at 12.5%, three times the national unemployment rate. Some lucky young people have temporary or part-time jobs, with salaries that do not match the country's economic growth. Meanwhile, the cost of living in major cities such as Seoul and Busan is increasing, while salaries have only increased by an average of about 1.34%, uneven with the average economic growth rate of 2.96% over the past 5 years.

Dissatisfaction among young people is increasing and exploding through an important letter that appeared in early December 2013. The letter, posted by a student on the bulletin board of a prestigious university in Korea, caused a stir. Starting with the question "Are you okay?" as a friendly opening, the author quickly raised a series of domestic issues.

2. Letter:

The letter criticizes the government for dismissing over 4,000 workers who opposed the decision to privatize the Korean railway company. The author also condemned the government's actions in removing dissenting witnesses. In addition, he described the pain of seeing many elderly people commit suicide, showing their betrayal to society.

The youth, once dreaming of the future and expecting to be heard by the government, are facing dissatisfaction and disappointment. The Foster movement of students has become a symbol of dissatisfaction as they feel neglected by the political party, and their voices are not being heard by the government, even though the policies directly affect their future.

In the spring of 2014, President Park Geun-hye's government failed to handle a tragedy. The Sewol ferry accident resulted in the deaths of 304 out of 476 people, mostly high school students. Reports revealed that the incident occurred due to the state's collusion with private maritime companies, leading to lax compliance with safety regulations.

3. Outbreak:

In 2015, when the Middle East respiratory syndrome and murrês outbreak occurred, the Ministry of Health was criticized for not timely reporting, causing serious consequences. This incident, along with corruption in President Park's government, increased pressure on young people to demand an investigation.

With the disastrous results from the government since President Park took office in 2013, young people are facing shattered dreams, as the freedom and democracy of Korea have declined to 1.5. It will defeat the dominance of the Minju Island over Moon Jae-in, like the candles pushing to overturn the president.

The peak of the anti-Park Geun-hye movement was demonstrated through the candlelight revolution from November 2016 to March 2017. Earlier, in October, the political scandal of Park with her close friend Choi Soon-sil was exposed, leading to about 17 million people, mostly young people, participating in protests condemning President Park and demanding an investigation into corruption allegations.

This movement had no official leadership, a method learned and applied by Hong Kong youth in the protest against the extradition law in 2019. They connected through social media, organized non-violent actions, and were creative in this revolution, attracting attention with the scale and special perseverance of young people.

4. Revolution:

The candlelight revolution became the focus of the world, contributing to the ousting of the incumbent president under pressure from protests and three opposition parties. The National Assembly impeached Park in December 2016, with 234 votes in favor out of 300. At the same time, Park's presidential powers were suspended, and later, the Korean Constitutional Court sentenced her to 25 years in prison for corruption and abuse of power.

The revolution not only succeeded in removing a president from power, but also protected and demonstrated the basic values of democracy and citizens' rights, which had been repeatedly suppressed under the guise of ensuring security on the peninsula. The candlelight revolution sent a strong message to the new government, demanding respect for the Constitution and immediate political reform to avoid similar consequences.

The lonely tribe in modern society is often a symbol of autonomy, independence, and even opposition to traditional social norms. In the context of Korea, a delicate picture of the lonely tribe is painted through historically humorous and poignant events. Not only a symbol of the beauty of loneliness, this tribe has become a powerful force, pushing down the walls of power and the defeat of leaders.

The candlelight revolution in Korea is the clearest expression of the lonely tribe. From November 2016 to March 2017, the candles shone on the streets, highlighting the picture of young people, holding candles alone, standing up to protest against the government and reclaim their citizenship rights. This picture is not only a symbol of dissatisfaction, but also a symbol of sacrifice and courage in the fight against corruption and abuse of power.

This picture demonstrates the unity and autonomy of the lonely tribe. The candle holders are not traditional leaders, but free individuals, unbound by social prejudices. They are not only protesters, but also social activists, people who are creating their own revolution.

The candles, like guiding lights for the lonely tribe, are not only symbols of creativity and loyalty, but also the bond between different people, creating a strong community network. These lights are images of sacrifice, faith in democratic principles, and the aspirations of a generation wanting change. They are not just lights on the street, but also silent words about determination and courage.

Finally, the candles overturned the president, as a victory of the lonely tribe against overwhelming power. Success is not only about changing leadership, but also about protecting and affirming the basic values of society. This revolution is not only a historical event, but also a lesson about the power of the lonely tribe and the small, but brilliant, lights that can change the world.

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