Carbs or carbohydrate are molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen that provide energy for human body activities. This is one of the 3 most important macronutrients for our lives. The other two are protein and fat. Carbs with the "s" at the end mean not just one type. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), there are 3 main types of carbs: Sugar: These are short-chain carbohydrates, with a sweet taste found in various foods. Examples include glucose, fructose, galactose, and sucrose. Starch: Also known as polysaccharides, these are long chains of glucose molecules that will eventually be broken down in the digestive system. Fiber: Consists of carbohydrate molecules from plant sources that our bodies cannot digest, including monosaccharides and polysaccharides. Carbs can be confusing: Some sources claim that eating carbs can hinder weight loss and cause weight gain; others say that carbs are an essential dietary requirement.
Monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) have been hailed as one of the "beneficial fats," that is, fats that are beneficial to health. Although the scientific evidence is largely circumstantial, the idea that MUFA is important for good health (both overall health and cardiovascular health) is now strongly supported by many experts.
Most of us know that dairy products (such as milk, yogurt, and cheese) contain some calcium, with the highest calcium content, which can help the body grow and maintain strong bones. However, those who are allergic to milk cannot eat these calcium-rich foods, otherwise they risk suffering allergic reactions. So what should they do?